MLR740 arrives at Railworld from India
This Indian Hill Engine from Matheran Light Railway, near Bombay, was built by Orenstein and Koppel of Berlin in 1907 and hauled passengers and freight for 75years.
The locomotive worked on gradients of 1:20 and had to negotiate curves of 14m (45'). To do this the wheels 'steer', using a system of articulation originating from Sir Arthur Haywood's Duffield Bank Railway in Derbyshire.
The Matheran Light Railway locomotive was donated to Britain by the Government of India in 1985 in recognition of services towards th establishment of India's National Railway Museum by Michael Satow OBE.
Matheran Light Railway
Matheran means "the wooded head" or the jungle topped. No blaring car horns. No truck rumbling down the roads, no buses... Matheran is a quiet and peaceful hill resort which is out of bounds to vehicular traffic all through the year. It was discovered in 1850 by Hugh Puyntz Malet, the collector of Thane. It is situated 823m above sea level and is about 21km away from Neral, foothill station on Mumbai-Pune section. Matheran Light Railway runs on (2 feet) Narrow gauge, has the sharpest curves out of all Hill Railways, with 281 curves and a gradient of 1:20 max.